Tuesday, May 10. 2011
A study that was published Monday in the American Journal of Psychiatry estimates the incidence of autism in South Korea to be 2.6 percent, meaning that one in every 38 children studied suffered from some form of the disorder, according to Autism Speaks.
The children who participated in the study were between the ages of 7 and 12, and were assessed using multiple clinical evaluations over the course of several years. As a result of the comprehensive effort, researchers were able to identify several cases of the disorder in children in the general school system who were previously undiagnosed.
The study has raised questions about the ways in which we test for Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD).
"These findings suggest that ASD is under-diagnosed and under-reported," stated Geraldine Dawson, Autism Speaks Chief Science Officer. "Rigorous screening and comprehensive population studies may be necessary to produce accurate ASD prevalence estimates."
These findings could also mean higher costs for health insurance in the near future, as related medical expenses for a person with ASD can total up to $3.2 million per person in a lifetime, according to a 2007 study by Michael L. Ganz that was published in Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine.
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